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MUSIC OF FILIPINO

Cordillera

  • The flat gong commonly known as gangsaand played by the groups in the Cordillera region of the bossed gongs played among the Islam and animist groups in the Southern Philippines.
  • 2. Kalaleng or Tongali(nose flute)  Because the kalaleng is long and has a narrow internal diameter, it is possible to play different harmonics through overblowing—even with the rather weak airflow from one nostril.
    • 3. Tongatongis a bamboo percussion instrument used by the people of Kalinga to communicate with spirits during house blessings. It is made of bamboo cut in various lengths. When you hit it against soft earth a certain drone reverberates though the instrument’s open mouth. When an entire set of Tongatong is played in interloping rhythm and prolonged with the tribal chanting, it could put the audience and the dancers in a trance
    • 4. Diwdiw-asis 5 or more different size of slender bamboo that is tied together.
      • 5. Saggeypoit is a bamboo pipe that is closed on one end by a node with the open end held against the lower lip of the player as he blows directly across the top. The pipe can be played individually by one person or in ensembles of three or more.
      • 6. Solibao is hallow wooden Igorot drug topped with pig skin or lizard skin this is played by striking the drum head using the palm of the hand.
      • 7. Bungkaka- bamboo buzzer.
      • 8. Kullitong- polychordal bamboo tube zither.
      • 9. Ulibaw- bamboo jaw’s harp
      • 12. Paldong- bamboo lip-valley flute
      • Kulintangrefers to a racked gong chimeinstrument played in the southern islands of the Philippines, along with its varied accompanying ensembles.
      • ensembles. Different groups have different ways of playing the kulintang. Two major groups seem to stand-out in kulintangmusic. These are the Maguindanaon and the Maranaw. The kulintang instrument itself could be traced to either the introduction of gongs to Southeast Asia from China from before the 10th century CE, or more likely, to the introduction of bossed gong chimes from Java in the 15th century.
    • Harana and Kundiman

CONTEMPORARY PHILIPPINE ART from Regions

Contemporary Art:

-—art produced at the present period in time.

—Contemporary art includes, and develops from, Postmodern art, which is itself a successor to Modern art.

—In vernacular English, “modern” and “contemporary” are synonyms, resulting in some conflation of the terms “modern art” and “contemporary art” by non-specialists.

Contemporary art forms are the following:

—1. Choreography

—2. Musical instrument

—3. Literary and music composition

—4. Visual design

—5. Theatrical performance

 

Contemporary dance:

—-is a popular form of dance which developed during the middle portion of the twentieth century and has since grown to become one of the dominating performance genres for formally trained dancers throughout the world,

—-with particularly strong popularity in the U.S. and western Europe. Although originally informed by and borrowing from classical, modern, and jazz styles, it has since come to incorporate elements from many styles of dance.

—-but due to its popularity amongst trained dancers and some overlap in movement type, it is often perceived as being closely related to modern dance, ballet and other classical concert dance styles.

 

MUSIC, DANCE & THEATER

MUSIC OF FILIPINO: Cordillera-

  • The flat gong commonly known as gangsaand played by the groups in the Cordillera region of the bossed gongs played among the Islam and animist groups in the Southern Philippines.
  • 2. Kalaleng or Tongali(nose flute)  Because the kalaleng is long and has a narrow internal diameter, it is possible to play different harmonics through overblowing—even with the rather weak airflow from one nostril.
    • 3. Tongatongis a bamboo percussion instrument used by the people of Kalinga to communicate with spirits during house blessings. It is made of bamboo cut in various lengths. When you hit it against soft earth a certain drone reverberates though the instrument’s open mouth. When an entire set of Tongatong is played in interloping rhythm and prolonged with the tribal chanting, it could put the audience and the dancers in a trance
    • 4. Diwdiw-asis 5 or more different size of slender bamboo that
      is tied together.
      • 5. Saggeypoit is a bamboo pipe that is closed on one end by a node with the open end held against the lower lip of the player as he blows directly across the top. The pipe can be played individually by one person or in ensembles of three or more.
      • 6. Solibao is hallow wooden Igorot drug topped with pig skin or lizard skin this is played by striking the drum head using the palm of the hand.
      • 7. Bungkaka- bamboo buzzer.
      • 8. Kullitong- polychordal bamboo tube zither.
      • 9. Ulibaw- bamboo jaw’s harp
    • Southern Islands:

NATIONAL ARTISTS OF PHILIPPINES

Solomon Saprid

  • Colonizers have come and gone to our land and inputted different traditions in our very rich culture. There’s this one man who sought to preserve our culture through his paintings and sculptures and he is none other than Solomon SapridHe gave the public pictures of Philippine folklore characters that made the Filipinos realized that these imaginary beings are not just a mere myth, rather it is more of a reality. He sculpted “Tikbalang”, a titanic creature with a horse-like head but has a human-like body. The tikbalang is a monster in Philippine Mythology commonly described as a tall, bony, humanoid creature with disproportionately long limbs, such that its knees tower over its head when it squats down. It has the head and sometimes the feet of an animal, most commonly a horse. It has been compared to the half-man, half-horse centaur from Greek mythology.
  •                  tikbalang
  • He also sculpted “Amihan”, the wind goddess. After sometime, these images had been so engraved in the public’s mind that the public began to think that these creatures could be anywhere. He also sculpted the “Gomburza” along Intramuros that made the public remember the things that the 3 priests have done for our country. 
  • amihan
  • He didn’t just paint or sculpt art that only talked about the Filipino myths, but he also made pictures that touched our culture. He painted “Mag-ina” that exemplified the joys of parenthood. He was able to pull back the Filipinos to their roots and made them understand their culture and beginnings. Indeed, he is an artist who enriched the rich culture of a society.
  • Artist:AngKiuko
    Painting:The Crucifixion
  • When a painter paints, his emotions are shown through the painted canvas. It shows the different realities about life that move its audience. One person was able to do this through his paintings, and he is the legendary AngKiuko. His early paintings were full of different emotions that influenced the viewers’ feelings. His audience could easily understand the message of his paintings because he used passion.
  • He drew the Crucifixion of Christ that exhibited hopelessness and depression. His favorite subjects for his paintings were angst and anger that are shown in his paintings called “Payaso” and “Ina at Anak”. 

  • His paintings were full of irony and questions. After some years, he tried to re-create his style in art by painting gleeful pictures of Mother Nature instead of painting pictures of quarreling crowds. Indeed, he made a very remarkable impact in our society. He re-created his art and thus, he has been able to influence the public’s views about life.
  •  Artist: Napoleon V. Abueva
    Sculpture: Allegorical Harpoon
  • The Philippines is very fortunate for having the multi awarded national artist, Napoleon V. Abueva, as its father of modern Philippine sculpture. Abuevais the pioneer in modern  sculptures because he was the first artist who had creatively and successfully moved out of the classic styleto create his own abstract experimental modern art pieces and paved the way for other young aspirants to follow his lead.
  • He was the only sculptor who is capable on working on all kinds of material in several styles from representational to abstract. There is not one drop of classical style in all if his masterpieces. Abueva has long been exposed in utilizing almost all kinds of materials.
  • These materials include wood, adobe, metal, stainless steel, cement, marble, bronze, iron, alabaster, coral, brass, molave, acacia, langka wood, ipil, kamagong, palm wood and bamboo. One of his most famous works is his wooden sculpture entitled “Allegorical Harpoon” which is currently housed in the Cultural Center of the Philippines.
  •  Artsist:FernandoCuetoAmorsolo
    Painting: “Portrait of Presidents: Manuel Quezon, Manuel
    Roxas 
    and Sergio Osmena
  • Dubbed as the grand old man of the Philippine art scene, Fernando Amorsolo, has made the largest and solidest contribution to the Philippines through his numerous paintings scattered around the Philippines and through his discovery of the natural light in canvas.
  • Fernando Amorsolo has done many portraits that include past Philippine presidents Manuel L. Quezon, Manuel Roxas and Sergio Osmena Sr. Most of his works depict the beauty and the splendor of our society during the late 1800’s until the 1950’s.
  • AMORSOLO
  • Artist: Hernando Ocampo
    Painting: The Contrast
  • Hernando Ocampo’s masterpieces had large contribution to full understanding and awareness of social realities in the Philippines. He made paintings reflecting economic and psychological dislocation in the country brought by World War II, a time of widespread poverty, hunger, and misery.
  • His works also depicted objection against the disparity between rich and poor. One vivid illustration portraying the objection in social inequality is his painting, The Contrast, which pictures a beggar eating in front of a mansion.
  • ocampo
  • hernando ocampo
  • hernando ocm
  • Artist: VictorioEdades
    Painting: The Builders
  • VictorioEdades, Father of Modern Philippine Painting, created works which were dark in color and gave pictures of Filipino masses as theme. One of his great works depicting Filipino masses is The Builders, the most controversial painting. It is dark in color and made of heavy texture which pictures men working in a quarry. 
  • Moreover, his works were very different from Amorsolo’s bright, sunny, cheerful hues yet his creativity in art made way for mural and modern paintings to be known in the Philippines. He does not only establish modern paintings into the Philippines but also link this modernism to the issue of national identity. 
  • Some of his masterpieces were The Artist and the Model, Portrait of the Professor, Japanese Girl, Mother and Daughter, The Wrestlers, Poinsettia Girl, The Sketch.
  • Victorio_Edades_-_The_Sketch
  • edades
  • Artist: Diosdado Lorenzo
    Painting: Still Life Paintings
  • Diosdado Lorenzo is one of the most famous modernist painters in the Philippines. He is one of the pioneers who introduced the modern 20th century form of art which is stronger and more appealing to the eyes than those of the traditional paintings made by Fernando Amorsolo
  • To form the modernist approach in paintings, Lorenzo destroyed the old perspective of traditional paintings to make way for the new styles in painting. Lorenzo’s obsession with the country’s landscape and people enabled him to try different forms of paintings such as painting with lights, Chinese arts, watercolors, etc
  • Artist: Vicente Rivera
    Painting: Supplication
  • Vicente Rivera, a master in Philippine paintings, is commonly underrated due to the rarity of his works. During his early years in education, he received a silver medal after taking two head studies. He also received various nominations and awards in the field of painting. 
  • Unknown to everyone, he is one of the founders of U.P. School of Fine Arts. His famous work, Supplication, depicts a picture of a woman kneeling down on the nailed feet of Jesus on the cross. 
  • diosdado lorenzo vicente rivera
  • vicente rivera2
  • Artist: Juan Luna
    Painting:
    Spoliarium
  • The paintings of Juan Luna were the first Filipino works of art to become famous inside and outside of the Philippines because of its meaning and significance. Juan Luna produced works in the romantic and early impressionist styles, achieving great recognition in Europe. 
  • Juan Luna traveled to different parts of Europe, learning various techniques in painting and eventually coming back to the Philippines to further nurture his talents. He won great praise as wells as many prizes for his works. 
  • His achievements helped to inspire other Filipinos to think of themselves as equal to the Europeans. Juan Luna’s greatest masterpiece is “The Spoliarium”. This won him a gold medal at the National Exposition of Fine Arts held in Madrid. 
  •  The Spoliarium depicts the 19th century horror experience of the Filipinos. It emphasized the violation of Human Rights by the colonizers of Spain. Juan Luna expressed his patriotism by painting one such masterpiece to enlighten the Filipinos out of oppression. 
  • th
  • Artist: Guillermo Tolentino
    Sculpture: Oblation and The
    Bonifacio Monument
  • Guillermo E. Tolentino is a renowned artist known for transforming hopes and aspirations of freedom into art. One of his famous creations is the Oblation, which can be found at the lobby of College of Fine Arts at the University of the Philippines. The Oblation, famous landmark in the University of the Philippines, has become a symbol of academic freedom. 
  • It is a figure of anude man with arms outstretched and looking far beyond the horizon. The original Oblation is made of concrete and measures three and a half meters symbolizing the three and a half years of Spanish rule in the Philippines. The stones on which it stands represent the many islands in the country. 
  • In addition, Guillermo Tolentino included clusters of katakataka found at the foot of the figure, which symbolize the heroism of the Filipino people. The Oblation is good representation of how one has a thirst for freedom and an eagerness to offer his whole self for the country. He transformed the country’s aspiration and hope for a freer country into this amazing sculpture. 
  • Another famous sculpture of Guillermo Tolentino is the Bonifacio Monument located in Caloocan City. The monument commemorates the proletarian hero, Andres Bonifacio and his revolutionary group called “Katipunan” first encounter with the Spanish soldiers on August 3, 1896. The Bonifacio Monument is an enduring symbol of the Filipinos’ cry for freedom. oblation
  •                                       boifcio monument

BAROQUE ART

Baroque Architecture

•Architecture prevailed in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries and was characterized by elaborated forms of ornamentations. The composition of Baroque painting employs diagonal and zigzag lines that best express the vitality and movement quality of the Baroque art. Baroque style in architecture is marked by heavy sculptural and extravagantly ornamental façade. The giant twisted columns, broken pediments, scrolls, trellises, urns, and angels.
Baroque, sculpture generally used every conceivable type of ornamentation. The characters are generally religious figures. These are saints, angels, cherubs, animals, metal sunburst, with garlands of flowers, leaves, shells, and scrolls. These are usually painted in gold on wood or carved stones  The Baroque style, as an expression of religious emotionalism, eventually found its way into the Spanish and Portuguese colonies in Central and South America.  And in East, Particularly in the Philippines, with the
widespread Christianization of the inhabitants.
 

GOTHIC ART

In Gothic period, (about 1150-1400 A.D.) churches and building became increasingly larger, higher, and wider-until one collapsed. Gothic Architecture added some new ideas; flying buttresses
decorative outsides, pointed arches, and various technical improvements.

flying_buttresses  220px-FlyingButtresses

buttress

Gothic architects constructed huge buildings with large spaces inside for worship. Great stained windows were designed. These structures are still use in European cities. Notre Dame
in Paris, Westminster Abbey in London, and the Cathedral of Milan,NotreDameDeParis  West_Side_of_Westminster_Abbey,_London

NOTRE DAME, PARIS                                WESTMINSTER ABBEY, LONDON

cathedral de Milan  CATHEDRAL OF MILAN

Cologne, Florence, and Chartes. Gothic public buildings like halls of Brussels, the city hall of Munich and Siena, Italy and the Doges Palace in Venice.

St_Mary_Redcliffe_adj_sky  COLOGNE, GERMANY

Il_Duomo_Florence_Italy  FLORENCE, ITALY

Belgium_Brussels hall   HALLS OF BRUSSELS, BELGIUM

BYZANTINE ART

The term Byzantine refers to the eastern branch of the Roman empire which existed from the founding of Constantinople by the Emperor Constantine in 330 A.D.

   The Byzantine Empire (or Eastern Roman Empire) was the name
of the Greek part of the Roman Empire which survived into the Middle Ages. Its capital was Constantinople, which today is in Turkey, and is now called Istanbul.

Roman-Empire

The classical and Asian artistic tradition merge in Byzantine art. This is the Asian two-dimensional or flat style, placing emphasis on clarity of line and sharpness of outline, As in Near Eastern(Persian) and Far Eastern(Chinese and Japanese) art. On the other hand, there is the Western 3-dimensional style of the classical tradition The icon portraying Christ, the crucifixion, or Mary as the Mother of Christ are examples of Byzantine artistic representation. These are the portable ivory carvings or wood panel paintings, often luxuriously ornamental with precious stones and gold background a symbol of divinity and perfection.A Byzantine icon which are most Lady of Perpetual Help. In Italy centers of Byzantine art were Ravennach25_100 handpainted_christ_200   EXAMPLES OF ICONS

The character of Byzantine architecture is by the novel development of the  dome cover polygonal and square plans for churches, tombs, and baptisteries.
300px-StSophiaChurch-Sofia-10     300px-SantApollininner

byzantine architecture   byzantine architecture

The Byzantine capitals are ornamental and abstract with a typical basketweave design. The walls are ornamented with mosaics of colored marble which give them a translucent and
(6th century), Rome, Venice and Sienna. glowing quality that creates an awesome, mystical effect. The aim of the Byzantine artist and architect was to create a reflection of the
splendor of heaven.

EARLY CHRISTIAN ART

In contrast to the Roman love of luxury and worldly pleasures, as well as their thirst of power, Christianity introduced a new sense of values, laying emphasis on the spiritual and eternal life.

•Because of their worldly values, the early Christians invited misunderstanding and were persecuted by the Roman emperors. They had to live as fugitive, hiding under ground corridors  known as catacomb.
Catacombs are human-made subterranean passageways for religious practice.
                                      350px-A-Procession-in-the-Catacomb-of-Callistus CATACOMB
Here they were gathered for mass celebrated on tombs of the first martyrs of the church. Eventually the walls of catacomb were decorated with frescoes and beautiful , glowing mosaics, in honor of Christ, Mary and the converts own valiant comrades in persecution.
Fresco_within_the_of_Church_of_St_Nicholas_in_Mala_Strana_in_Prague     450px-Mariae_Verkuendigung_Fuchstal_Fresko_Magnifikat_1
Ferapontov    Sistine_jonah
Symbols took precedence over the presentation of God, Christ and Saints. The symbols served as a kind of religious code which enable the Christians to identify themselves. The prevalent Christian symbols were the cross, the fish, the lamb. The Greek letters Chi-Rho, Alpha and Omega. Triumphant wreaths, grapes, doves, and peacock.
133px-Simple_Labarum2_svg     CHIORHO     200px-Alpha-omega ALPHA OMEGA
220px-Harvest_Wreath    Labarum
Later, the artists portrayed Christ and the saints with
“Halos.” But the early Christian architecture was developed only at the end of
the era of Christian persecution.
The first known Christian church is the old Basilica of St. Peter in Rome, dedicated in 326 A.D. by Emperor Constantine.
  220px-Constantine_Chiaramonti_Inv1749    800px-Basilica_di_San_Pietro_1450
This early building for worship gave rise to the Basilica type, which became the basic structure for later churches. Its plan is longitudinal and oriented east and west.
Giovanni_Paolo_Panini_-_Interior_of_St__Peter's,_Rome  280px-Petersdom_von_Engelsburg_gesehen
220px-Christ_Hagia_Sofia          220px-Peter_in_Chora
220px-Meister_der_Nea-Moni-Kirche_in_Chios_002
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